Family History in Lincolnshire
See below for a list of records relating to Lincolnshire ancestry.
Located on the eastern coast in the central part of England the county of Lincoln is the second largest (in area) in the country and was traditionally split into three administrative divisions. These were the Lindsey division in the north of the county, which covered more than half of the county, the Kesteven division in the south west of the county and the Holland division in the south east. Each division was divided into smaller administrative areas containing a number of parishes. These subdivisions are in many counties called "hundreds" and in some northern counties such as Yorkshire are referred to as "wapentakes". In Lincolnshire there was a mixture of nomenclature, some areas were hundreds, others were called wapentakes and yet others were referred to as "sokes".
There are a number of distinct geographical regions within the county. The Lincolnshire Fens is a marshy area in the south of the county that was drained to create rich agricultural farmlands. The Lincolnshire Wolds are a range of chalky hills running parallel with the coast but around 10 miles inland, stretching from the river Humber in the north down to the town of Spilsby in the south. The Isle of Axholme is an area in the north west of the county, formerly a marshy area with its villages located on hillocks (or "isles") of high ground, that was drained in the seventeenth century.
In mediaeval times Lincolnshire was one of the most populous and prosperous counties in the country, mainly due to its lively wool trade. In addition, Lincoln was the centre of the Diocese of Lincoln, one of the largest and oldest ecclesiastical dioceses in England. By the end of the fourteenth century however the wool trade had moved away and the towns and ports depending on the trade went into decline. Lincolnshire was (and still is) a predominantly agricultural county and thus never saw the rapid rises in population and industrialisation witnessed by its northern neighbour Yorkshire. Population has risen over the last 200 years, but only slowly.
Population of Lincolnshire:
Those researching their family history in Lincolnshire will find themselves well served with an excellent county archive in Lincoln containing many parish records, sessions and other judicial records as well as copies of wills and will indexes. There is also an archive for North East Lincolnshire located in Grimsby. The Lincolnshire Family History Society is a large and active organisation with many useful publications. Links to all these, and other useful Lincolnshire websites can be found on the left hand side of this page.
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Lincolnshire genealogy information on Genhound
Genhound records to help you grow your Lincolnshire family tree.